Meaning of Copyright

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For the purposes of Indian Copyright Act, “copyright” means the exclusive right subject to the provisions of Indian Copyright Act, to do or authorise the doing of any of the following acts in respect of a work or any substantial part thereof, namely:-

  1. In the case of a literary, dramatic or musical work, not being a computer program;
    1. To reproduce the work in any material form including the storing of it in any medium by electronic means;
    2. To issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in circulation;
    3. To perform the work in public, or communicate it to the public;
    4. To make any cinematograph film or sound recording in respect of the work;
    5. To make any translation of the work;
    6. To make any adaptation of the work;
    7. To do, in relation to a translation or an adaptation of the work, any of the acts specified in relation to the work in sub-clauses (1) to (6);
  2. In the case of a computer program;
    1. To do any of the acts specified in clause (1);
    2. To sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for commercial rental any copy of the computer program; Provided that such commercial rental does not apply in respect of computer programs where the program itself is not the essential object of the rental.
  3. In the case of an artistic work;
    1. To reproduce the work in any material form including;
      • The storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means;
      • Depiction in three-dimensions of a two-dimensional work;
      • Depiction in two-dimensions of a three-dimensional work;
    2. To communicate the work to the public;
    3. To issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in circulation;
    4. To include the work in any cinematograph film;
    5. To make any adaptation of the work;
    6. To do in relation to an adaptation of the work any of the acts specified in relation to the work in sub-clauses (1) to (4);
  1. In the case of cinematograph film:-
    1. To make a copy of the film, including-
      • Photograph of any image forming part thereof; or
      • Storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means; or
    2. To sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for such rental, any copy of the film;
    3. To communicate the film to the public;
  2. In the case of sound recording-
    1. To make any other sound recording embodying it, including storing of it in any medium by electronic or other means;
    2. To sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for such rental, any copy of the sound recording;
    3. To communicate the sound recording to the public.

Explanation: For the purposes of this section, a copy which has been sold once shall be deemed to be a copy already in circulation.

 

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